IETF 94 Pipe Organ Day:
Wednesday, November 4, 2015 • 11月4日 (水曜日)
Lunchtime Organ Recital
Evening Organ Demonstration Concert
Yokohama Minato Mirai Hall • 横浜みなとみらいホール
Fisk Opus 110
From the C.B. Fisk Website:
Planning for Opus 110 at the Minato Mirai Hall began in January of 1993 when a delegation came to our workshop after visiting Opus 100 at the Meyerson Symphony Center in Dallas. This group, headed by Takushi Nakamura, represented T.R.Y. 90, a consortium of twenty-three companies building an eleven-acre waterfront complex that would include two concert halls in the historic port of Yokohama. With encouragement from Yuko Hayashi, Chair of the organ department at the New England Conservatory, we submitted proposals that led to the final specification and design of our first overseas instrument.
Charles Nazarian's case design suggests a seascape inspired by Japanese themes. Strong forms bracketing the central sections of the mahogany case recall ancient temple architecture with curved rooflines and bold entrance gates. The curve of the Pedal towers reflects the shape of a sail, a motif found elsewhere in the complex, and echoed in the upper case. The motif of the sea and seagulls, found throughout Yokohama and reminiscent of Japanese woodblock prints, is suggested by the gull wing shape of the pipe mouths and by Morgan Faulds Pike's three hand-carved oak panels.
The specification of Opus 110 provides the tonal colors for the gamut of organ literature and the necessary timbres and power to balance that of a full symphony orchestra. The organ offers a core of stops to perform the works of J.S. Bach and his German contemporaries, as well as the music of the roughly concurrent French Classical period. The Cavaille-Coll inspired Swell division contains the necessary stops to play the multihued, expressive music of the French Romantic era. A division of English Tubas adds a profound body of sound, enabling the organ to hold its own with a symphony orchestra in full cry.
Special features of Opus 110 include the French Romantic Bombarde division, voiced to spectacular effect, but under expression to control its power; a smooth-toned, high-pressure Clarinet in the Tuba division that authoritatively complements the clarinet of the orchestra; and an orchestral Celesta that is played mechanically from the Positive keyboard.
The organ was completed in the spring of 1998 for the public opening of Minato Mirai Hall on 5 June. The late French organist Jean Boyer played the first of a series of inaugural recitals, followed by Mary Preston, and Hatsumi Miura. Minato Mirai Hall and Opus 110, affectionately known as "Lucy," have become icons of the cultural community of Yokohama. The exceedingly popular monthly mid-day "One Dollar Concerts," begun during the inaugural year of the organ, continue to this day, with thousands regularly in attendance.
The case is of mahogany from Honduras. The organ has a total of 4,623 pipes. In addition to those visible in the facade, pipes of various materials and sizes fill the interior of the instrument, 3.6 meters deep and four stories high. The wooden pipes are made of poplar, the metal ones of lead-tin alloy. The instrument also includes a cimbelstern and a rossignol "birdsong."
C. B. Fisk, Inc. is a pioneer among American organbuilders. It was founded in 1961 by Charles Brenton Fisk in the Massachusetts town of Gloucester, located on the seashore north of Boston. It has built organ for churches, conservatories, and concert halls in both the United States and other countries, including Switzerland, Korea, Hong Kong, and Japan. The organ at Yokohama Minato Mirai Hall, was designed and built by a team under Steven A. Dieck, who has been with the company since 1973 and who is now serving as its third president. Members of the team spent seven years creating the instrument, including over a year of on-site voicing after installation.
Size: 12m (H) * 12m (W) * 3.6m (D)
62 voices, 87 ranks, 4,623 pipes
All front pipes of polished 70% tin
Pitch: a1 = 442Hz Equal Temperament
Complete stoplist can be found here.